DETAIL KOLEKSI

Hubungan Asupan Mikronutrien Dengan Kadar Hemoglobin Pada Komunitas Vegetarian


Oleh : Ade Ajeng Cempakadewi

Info Katalog

File Jurnal : 2017_TA_KD_03013005_Manuskrip.pdf

Nomor Panggil : S 966

Penerbit : FK - Usakti

Kota Terbit : Jakarta

Tahun Terbit : 2017

Pembimbing 1 : Verawati Sudarma

Subyek : Nutrition;Hemoglobin;The vegetarian community

Kata Kunci : Fe, asam folat, vitamin B12, hemoglobin, vegetarian


File Repositori
No. Nama File Ukuran (KB) Status
1. 2017_TA_KD_03013005_-Halaman-judul.pdf 961.67
2. 2017_TA_KD_03013005_Bab-1-Pendahuluan.pdf 689.52
3. 2017_TA_KD_03013005_Bab-2-Tinjauan-literatur.pdf 824.74
4. 2017_TA_KD_03013005_Bab-3-Kerangka-konsep.pdf 694.87
5. 2017_TA_KD_03013005_Bab-4-metode.pdf 704.02
6. 2017_TA_KD_03013005_Bab-5-Hasil.pdf 661.28
7. 2017_TA_KD_03013005_Bab-6-Pembahasan.pdf 674.33
8. 2017_TA_KD_03013005_Kesimpulan.pdf 683.79
9. 2017_TA_KD_03013005_Daftar-pustaka.pdf 673.63
10. 2017_TA_KD_03013005_-Lampiran.pdf 1756.9

S Sesuai dengan perkembangan jaman, pola diet vegetarian semakin banyak di anut di dunia, termasuk di Indonesia. Asupan makanan pada diet vegetarian mengandung risiko defisiensi beberapa zat gizi, baik makronutrien seperti protein dan mikronutrien seperti Fe, asam folat, dan vitamin B12. Padahal, asupan gizi yang sehat dibutuhkan untuk proses pembentukan hemoglobin dalam darah . Salah satu pendekatan kinetik sebagai penyebab anemia adalah berkurangnya produksi eritrosit akibat defisiensi zat tersebut. Sehingga penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara asupan mikronutrien (Fe, asam folat, vitamin B12) dengan kadar hemoglobin pada komunitas vegetarian. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional analitik (non eksperimental) dengan pendekatan secara potong lintang. Jumlah subyek 88 dipilih secara simple random sampling dari seluruh anggota komunitas vegetarian golongan vegan yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi. Data asupan mikronutrien diperoleh dengan menggunakan food record 3x24 jam. Kadar hemoglobin diukur dengan QuickCheck Hb Testing System Portable pada darah kapiler, yang diambil dengan finger prick test. Analisis asupan mikronutrien menggunakan Nutri survey 2004 dan analisis serta pengolahan data lain menggunakan Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 20 for Windows 8.0 dengan tingkat kemaknaan p<0,05. Dari hasil penelitian pada 88 subjek, analisis Chi-square menunjukkan terdapat hubungan antara asupan Fe dengan kadar hemoglobin (p=0,018), sedangkan analisis Fisher dan analisis Pearson menunjukkan tidak terdapat hubungan antara asupan asam folat (p=1,000), asupan vitamin B12 (p=0,901) dengan kadar hemoglobin. Terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara asupan Fe dengan kadar hemoglobinpada komunitas vegetarian.

I In accordance with the times, vegetarian diet more and more in the world, including in Indonesia. Food intake on a vegetarian diet carries the risk of deficiencies of several nutrients, including macronutrients such as proteins and micronutrients such as Fe, folic acid, and vitamin B12. In fact, a healthy intake of nutrients needed for the process of formation of hemoglobin in the blood. One of the kinetic approaches to cause anemia is reduced erythrocyte production due to deficiency of the substance. So this study aims to determine the relationship between intake of micronutrients (Fe, folic acid, vitamin B12) with hemoglobin levels in the vegetarian community. This research is an observational analytic (non experimental) research with cross sectional approach. The number of 88 subjects was selected by simple random sampling of all members of the vegan vegan community that met the inclusion criteria. Micronutrient intake data obtained by using food record 3x24 hours. Hemoglobin levels were measured by QuickCheck Hb Portable Testing System in capillary blood, which was taken with a finger prick test. Analysis of micronutrient intake using Nutri survey 2004 and analysis and other data processing using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 20 for Windows 8.0 with significance level p <0.05. From the results of the study on 88 subjects, Chi-square analysis showed there was a correlation between Fe intake with hemoglobin (p = 0,018), while Fisher analysis and Pearson analysis showed no correlation between folic acid intake (p = 1,000), vitamin B12 intake p = 0.901) with hemoglobin levels. There was a significant relationship between Fe intake and hemoglobin levels in the vegetarian community.

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