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Hubungan pengetahuan, persepsi, dan sikap dokter gigi terhadap transmisi infeksi Covid-19 di Indonesia : analisis Model Rasch

2.5


Oleh : Jovan Audric Genacius Cokro

Info Katalog

Nomor Panggil : 616.31 JOV h

Penerbit : FKG - Usakti

Kota Terbit : Jakarta

Tahun Terbit : 2021

Pembimbing 1 : Rahmi Amtha

Pembimbing 2 : Indrayadi Gunardi

Subyek : COVID-19 (Disease) - Safety measures;Health education

Kata Kunci : Covid 19, dentist, knowledge, perception, attitude, rasch


File Repositori
No. Nama File Ukuran (KB) Status
1. 2021_TA_KG_040001700091_Halaman-Judul.pdf 1034.01
2. 2021_TA_KG_040001700091_Lembar-Pengesahan.pdf 1190.97
3. 2021_TA_KG_040001700091_Bab-1-Pendahuluan.pdf 962.94
4. 2021_TA_KG_040001700091_Bab-2-Tinjauan-Pustaka.pdf 1207.26
5. 2021_TA_KG_040001700091_Bab-3-Kerangka-Teori.pdf 949
6. 2021_TA_KG_040001700091_Bab-4-Metode-Penelitian.pdf 962.76
7. 2021_TA_KG_040001700091_Bab-5-Hasil-Penelitian.pdf 1484.7
8. 2021_TA_KG_040001700091_Bab-6-Pembahasan.pdf 1034.1
9. 2021_TA_KG_040001700091_Bab-7-Kesimpulan-dan-Saran.pdf 947.07
10. 2021_TA_KG_040001700091_Daftar-Pustaka.pdf 1044.27
11. 2021_TA_KG_040001700091_Lampiran.pdf 7867.63

L Latar Belakang : COVID-19 pertama kali dilaporkan oleh WHO sebagai kasus pneumonia dengan etiologi idiopatik di Kota Wuhan, Cina. WHO selanjutnya menetapkan COVID-19 sebagai kedaruratan kesehatan masyarakat yang meresahkan dunia. Meskipun langkah-langkah perlindungan standar dalam pekerjaan klinis sehari-hari sudah diterapkan, tetapi sampai saat ini usaha untuk mencegah COVID-19 masih menjadi agenda utama di setiap negara. Jumlah tenaga kesehatan yang terkena COVID-19 sampai hari ini semakin meningkat. Dokter gigi yang merupakan bagian dari tenaga kesehatan sangat rentan terhadap transmisi COVID-19. Data mengenai tingkat pengetahuan, persepsi dan sikap dokter gigi di Indonesia masih sangat sedikit. Tujuan : Untuk mengetahui hubungan pengetahuan, persepsi dan sikap dokter gigi dalam menghadapi transmisi infeksi COVID-19 di Indonesia. Metode: Penelitian observasional analitik rancangan potong silang dilakukan terhadap 551 subjek. Validitas dan reliabilitas kuesioner diukur menggunakan analisis model Rasch sedangkan hubungan antar variabel diuji menggunakan uji regresi linier. Hasil: Analisis Rasch menunjukkan reliabilitas dan separasi subjek sebesar 0,81 dan 2,09, dan reliabilitas dan separasi butir soal sebesar 1,00 dan 27,46. Koefisien cronbach alpha sebesar 0,86 dengan probabilitas 0,76. Unidimensionalitas butir soal menunjukkan bahwa kuesioner mampu mengukur sesuai dengan fungsi instrumen tersebut. Berdasarkan uji regresi linier, ditemukan korelasi bermakna antara pengetahuan terhadap sikap serta persepsi terhadap sikap dokter gigi dalam menghadapi transmisi COVID-19. Kesimpulan : Terdapat hubungan antara pengetahuan dan persepsi dalam memengaruhi sikap dokter gigi. Pengetahuan, persepsi, dan sikap subjek penelitian masuk dalam kategori baik. Kuesioner memiliki validitas yang bagus sekali dan reliabilitas butir soal yang istimewa.

B Background : COVID-19 was first reported by WHO as a case of pneumonia with idiopathic etiology in Wuhan City, China. WHO further declared COVID-19 a public health emergency of global concern. Although standard protective measures in daily clinical work have been implemented, until now efforts to prevent COVID-19 are still on the main agenda in every country. The number of health workers affected by COVID-19 to date is increasing. Dentists who are part of health workers are very vulnerable to the transmission of COVID-19. Data on the level of knowledge, perceptions and attitudes of dentists in Indonesia are still very few. Objective: To determine the relationship between knowledge, perceptions and attitudes of dentists in dealing with the transmission of COVID-19 infection in Indonesia. Methods: An analytical observational cross-sectional study was conducted on 551 subjects. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire were measured using the Rasch model analysis while the relationship between variables was tested using linear regression test. Results: Rasch analysis showed that the reliability and separation of subjects were 0.81 and 2.09, and the reliability and separation of items were 1.00 and 27.46. The cronbach alpha coefficient is 0.86 with a probability of 0.76. The unidimensionality of the items shows that the questionnaire is able to measure according to the function of the instrument. Based on the linear regression test, a significant correlation was found between knowledge of attitudes and perceptions of dentists' attitudes in dealing with COVID-19 transmission. Conclusion : There is a relationship between knowledge and perception in influencing the attitude of dentists. Knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes of research subjects are in the good category. The questionnaire has excellent validity and excellent item reliability.

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