DETAIL KOLEKSI

Hubungan antara lamanya terpajan sinar matahari dengan kejadian melasma pada wanita pengguna pil kontrasepsi

2.5


Oleh : Desy Elia Pratiwi

Info Katalog

Nomor Panggil : 616.5 Pra h

Penerbit : FK - Usakti

Kota Terbit : Jakarta

Tahun Terbit : 2014

Pembimbing 1 : Hari Krismanuel

Subyek : Melanosis;Contraceptive agents

Kata Kunci : sunlight exposure, contraceptive pills, melasma


File Repositori
No. Nama File Ukuran (KB) Status
1. 2014_TA_SKD_03010076_Halaman-Judul.pdf 1163.49
2. 2014_TA_SKD_03010076_Pengesahan.pdf 1044.75
3. 2014_TA_SKD_03010076_Bab-1_Pendahuluan.pdf 541.58
4. 2014_TA_SKD_03010076_Bab-2_Tinjauan-Literatur.pdf 655.77
5. 2014_TA_SKD_03010076_Bab-3_Kerangka-Konsep.pdf 574.45
6. 2014_TA_SKD_03010076_Bab-4_Metode.pdf 564.7
7. 2014_TA_SKD_03010076_Bab-5_Hasil.pdf 564.59
8. 2014_TA_SKD_03010076_Bab-6_Pembahasan.pdf 532.12
9. 2014_TA_SKD_03010076_Bab-7_Kesimpulan.pdf 548.69
10. 2014_TA_SKD_03010076_Daftar-Pustaka.pdf 539.92
11. 2014_TA_SKD_03010076_Lampiran.pdf 1762.94

I Indonesia merupakan salah satu negara yang memiliki iklim tropis yang kaya akan sinar matahari. Selain sebagai sumber energi bagi kehidupan manusia, sinar matahari juga dapat menimbulkan efek samping pada kulit apabila terpajan secara berlebihan, salah satunya adalah melasma (lebih dari tiga jam dalam sehari). Penyebab melasma lainnya adalah karena penggunaan kontrasepsi hormonal, yaitu pil kontrasepsi. Untuk mengurangi angka kejadian melasma, maka penelitian dilakukan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara lamanya terpajan sinar matahari dengan kejadian melasma pada wanita pengguna pil kontrasepsi. Penelitian menggunakan studi analitik observasional dengan desain potong lintang yang mengikutsertakan 128 wanita di Kampung Pabuaran RT 003 RW 016 Gunung Putri, Bogor. Data dikumpulkan dengan teknik wawancara dan kuisioner. Analisis data menggunakan SPSS for Windows versi 17.0 dan tingkat kemaknaan 0,05. Berdasarkan uji Chi-square, 76,56% pengguna pil kontrasepsi menderita melasma sebanyak 65,63%, yang tidak menggunakan menderita melasma sebanyak 11,72%. Sebanyak 42,97% yang terpajan sinar matahari lebih dari tiga jam menderita melasma, dan terpajan kurang dari tiga jam sebanyak 34,38%. Dari 76,56% pengguna pil kontrasepsi, sebanyak 55,10% penderita melasma terpajan sinar matahari lebih dari tiga jam. Terdapat hubungan antara lamanya terpajan sinar matahari dengan kejadian melasma pada wanita pengguna pil kontrasepsi (p < 0,05). Penelitian ini menunjukkan adanya hubungan antara lamanya terpajan sinar matahari dengan kejadian melasma pada wanita pengguna pil konrasepsi.

I Indonesia is one of countries that has a tropical climate, of course, has a lot of sunlight exposure. Beside sunlight’s function as a main source of energy for human lifes, it can also cause harm to humans, among others, it can have side effects on the skin when excessively exposed to sunlight. Melasma is a skin disease which can be caused by exposure to sunlight with the intensity of more than three hours a day. Causes of melasma beside due to the exposure to sunlight, it also can be caused by the use of hormonal contraceptives, one of which is a contraceptive pill. To reduce the incidence of melasma, it is necessary to conduct study aimed to determine the relationship between length of exposure to sunlight and the incidence of melasma in women who are taking the contraceptive pill. This research using observational analytic study with cross-sectional design that included 128 women in Pabuaran village RT 003 RW 016 Gunung Putri, Bogor. Data were collected by interview using questionnaire. Data analysis using SPSS for Windows version 17.0 and significance levels used as 0.05. Based on the statistical test of Chi-square, 76.56% of women who take contraceptive pill suffered from melasma were 65.63%, while those who do not take but suffered from it were 11.72%. A total of 42.97% of women exposed to sunlight for more than three hours suffered from melasma, while those exposed to sunlight less than three hours were 34.38%. There were 76.56% of women who take contraceptive pill suffered from melasma were 55.10% exposed to sunlight for more than three hours. It was found that there was significant association between duration of exposure to sunlight and the incidence of melasma in women who are taking oral contraceptives (p < 0,05). This study suggested that there was an association between the duration of exposure to sunlight and the incidence of melasma in women who are taking contraceptive pills.

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