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Hubungan antara penurunan fungsi pendengaran dan fungsi kognitif pada lansia

2.8


Oleh : Melissa Mauli Sibarani

Info Katalog

Nomor Panggil : 618.978 914 2 Sib h

Penerbit : FK - Usakti

Kota Terbit : Jakarta

Tahun Terbit : 2014

Pembimbing 1 : Fauzan Abdillah

Subyek : Geriatrics - Hearing disorders;Geriatric - Cognitive disorders

Kata Kunci : hearing loss, cognition, elderly


File Repositori
No. Nama File Ukuran (KB) Status
1. 2014_TA_KD_03010176_Halaman-Judul.pdf 1000.28
2. 2014_TA_KD_03010176_Bab-1-Pendahuluan.pdf 715.56
3. 2014_TA_KD_03010176_Bab-2-Tinjauan-Literatur.pdf 809.48
4. 2014_TA_KD_03010176_Bab-3-Kerangka-Konsep.pdf 645.21
5. 2014_TA_KD_03010176_Bab-4-Metode.pdf 836.42
6. 2014_TA_KD_03010176_Bab-5-Hasil.pdf 802.27
7. 2014_TA_KD_03010176_Bab-6-Pembahasan.pdf 719.97
8. 2014_TA_KD_03010176_Bab-7-Kesimpulan.pdf 616.07
9. 2014_TA_KD_03010176_Daftar-Pustaka.pdf 722.56
10. 2014_TA_KD_03010176_Lampiran.pdf 1434.87

P Persentase peningkatan populasi lansia di Indonesia menempati urutan teratas dibanding negara-negara lain. Pada proses menua, terjadi banyak penurunan berbagai penurunan fungsi organ tubuh, termasuk pendengaran dan kognitif.Sampai saat ini, beberapa penelitian yang telah mencari hubungan antara penurunan fungsi pendengaran dan fungsi kognitif mendapatkan hasil yangbervariasi dan belum pernah dilakukan di Jakarta (Indonesia). Oleh karena itu,penelitian ini bermaksud untuk melihat hubungan antara penurunan fungsi pendengaran dan fungsi kognitif pada lansia dan beberapa faktor lain yang mempengaruhi fungsi kognitif. Penelitian ini merupakan studi cross-sectional yang berlangsung dari bulan Oktober 2013- Januari 2014, bertempat di Panti Werdha X Jakarta. Sampel diambilsecara consecutive non-random sampling pada 120 lansia di Panti Werdha X Jakarta. Seluruh lansia yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi dinilai fungsi pendengarannya dengan audiometri dan fungsi kognitifnya dengan MoCa-Ina. Hubungan antara variabel bebas dan variabel terikat dibuktikan melalui uji Fisher. Dari hasil pemeriksaan didapatkan semua lansia (100%) mengalami penurunan fungsi pendengaran, yaitu gangguan pendengaran ringan (27,7%) dan gangguan pendengaran sedang-berat (72,3%). Lansia yang mengalami gangguan kofnitifsebesar 85,1%. Tidak terdapat hubungan antara penurunan fungsi pendengaran danfungsi kognit pada lansia (p=0,291). Tidak terdapat hubungan antara penurunan fungsi pendengaran dan penurunanfungsi kognitif pada lansia. Tetapi lansia yang mengalami gangguan pendengaran Hubungan antara penurunan fungsi pendengaran dan fungsi kognitif pada lansiaMelissa Mauli Sibaranixiv sedang-berat (88,2%) lebih berisiko mengalami penurunan fungsi kognitifdibandingkan dengan lansia yang mengalami gangguan pendengaran ringan(76,9%). Selain itu tidak terdapat pula hubungan antara usia (p=0,636), jeniskelamin (p=0,342), pekerjaan (0,245), merokok (p=0,527), olahraga (p=0,583) dan fungsi kognitif. Namun terdapat hubungan antara pendidikan dan fungsi kognitif(p=0,026). Semakin tinggi pendidikan, semakin tinggi fungsi kognitif

T The percentage increase of the elderly population in Indonesia is much higher compared to other countries. In the aging process, there has been found variousorgans functional decline such as in the auditory and cognitive functions. To date, the mechanism that proves the relationship between the two has yet to reach consensus and has never been done in Jakarta, Indonesia. Therefore, there isa great need to develop this study in order to examine at the relationship between hearing impairment and cognitive function in the elderly, as well as other factors that affect the cognitive function. The present study was a cross sectional study which took place from October 2013- January 2014 at Panti Werdha X Jakarta. The sampling method was a consecutive non-random sampling that involved 120 elderly. The audiometric hearing and cognitive functions of 47 seniors who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria we reassessed by using MoCa-Ina. The relationship between dependent and independent variables was examined by using Fisher statistical test. The results of the study indicated that all participants showed a variety of decline in the auditory function, such as mild hearing impairment (27,7%) and moderate severe hearing impairment (82,3%). The decline in cognitive function was found in85,1% of the sample There was no relationship found between the two impairments (p = 0,291). There is no correlation between the decline in hearing function and cognitive function among the elderly. However, elderly who had moderate-severe hearing Hubungan antara penurunan fungsi pendengaran dan fungsi kognitif pada lansia Melissa Mauli Sibaranixviloss (88,2%) showed a higher risk of cognitive impairment than elderly who had mild hearing loss (76,9%). H0 is rejected. In addition to that, relationship was not found between cognitive function and age (p=0,636), gender (p=0,342), occupation(0,245), smoking habit (p=0,527) as well as sport activity (p=0,583). However, a relationship was found between cognitive function and education (p=0,026), where higher education was associated to higher cognitive function.

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